Drugs & Individual Behavior
11:00- 12:15 T Th Sabin 23
Dr. Linda L. Walsh
Table of Contents
Requirements/Assignments Grading Scale
Links to other Walsh Pages Meet My Family A sample of my garden My Summer Vacation
Julien Study Aids
||Dr. Linda L. Walsh|
Office Hrs: 9:30-10:30 MW; 2:30-3:30 T;
other times by appointment; drop-bys are welcome.
Mailbox: Bartlett 1068
Course online syllabus at: http://www.uni.edu/walsh/drugs99.html
Tobacco Control Archives
Guides for Many Meds
Drug Enforcement Agency News
SAMHSA National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information
Drug Interaction Checker
Drug Abuse Warning Network
consider Drugs and Individual Behavior to be a
general information class useful to any student from any
major. We all will encounter drugs and their effects on
behavior throughout our lives. Almost all of us use some
drugs (prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, caffeine,
alcohol). We have family members, friends, and other
acquaintances who use drugs in one form or another. We read
about drugs or hear about drug problems on the news. Many of
you have career goals that include helping those with drug
problems, educating others about the effects of drugs, or
perhaps making use of therapeutic medications. And as voters
we play a role in shaping government policies affecting drug
use and substance abuse prevention and treatment through our
choice of candidates.
This course will help you understand the relationship between drugs, the body, and behavior and allow you to better evaluate drug use and abuse, including use by you and your loved ones. It will increase your awareness of controversies in the drugs field and enable you to make better decisions, backed by critical thinking, when you face personal or social issues concerning the use of drugs in the future.
Some of the background material we cover applies to any type of drug (factors such as dose, route of administration, time course, side effects, etc.). Once we have laid that groundwork we will concentrate on the major categories of psychoactive drugs, why they are used, their common effects and side effects, risks such as overdose and dependency, and treatment in cases of abuse. It's a fascinating subject, but not the easiest of courses because we cover so many different drugs and their characteristics. You'll have to work hard to keep them all straight in your head, but I can almost guarantee that you will make use of this information time and time again in the years ahead.
Pharmacists' Right to Refuse to Fill Prescriptions?
State Differences in Conscience Clause vs "Must-Fill" Laws
FYI: 2 major national studies of drug use:
Monitoring the Future National Survey on Drug Use and Health
to page 21
FDA's Tips for Taking Medicines
Placebo Effect: Power of the Sugar Pill
Even When You Know It's a Placebo!
Generic vs. Brand-Name?
Move into, Around and Eventually Out of Your
Food-Drug & Drug-Drug Interactions
Drug Interaction Checker
Basic Pharmacology Slides
& Individual Differences in Drug Effects;
Side Effects and Adverse Effects
Drug Safety and Effectiveness: No Drug is Completely Safe
First Pass Metabolism
Things You Should Know About Prescription Drug Labels
||TH||Watch Out for
Medication Error Example: ADHD Kids Getting Methadone by Mistake
Big Bucks - Big Pharma and Advertising
The Truth About Drug Companies
Your Nervous System
Neurotransmitters & Their Receptors
Drug Effects on Messages in the Nervous System
|Chap 3, this
handout and these websites:
Basic Brain Areas
Autonomic Nervous System
The Synapse Neurotransmitters
Nervous Ssystem Slides
||TH||Assignment 1 Due
Review your notes so you can ask questions in preparation for our first exam
|Don't miss class today!|
to CNS Depressants; Barbiturates
||Chapter 7 up to 263
Barb-Benzo Slide format
Barb/Benzo outline format
Benzodiazepines and Newer Drugs
Learn more about Anxiety: Phobias Slides Generalized Anxiety Disorder Slides
More about Benzos
Rohypnol & Other "Date-Rape" Drugs
How to Get Into Pharmaceutical Sales
Alcohol: A Classic Depressant
13 up to 464
Alcohol Slide Format
Alcohol Outline Format
College Students & Drinking
"Drunk Support" on College Campuses
The COMBINE Sudy of Medical Management of Alcoholism
What is Alcoholics Anonymous?
12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous
Fact Sheet - FAS NOFAS
Rational Recovery Center
| Major Stimulants: Amphetamines
Multimodal Treatment Study of Kids with ADHD
Practice Parameter for the Use of Stimulant Medications..
Meth Addiction and Treatment Crystal Meth Anonymous
Iowa Meth Problem Meth & Child Abuse in Iowa
|Chap 12 414-426
||T||Major Stimulants: Cocaine
Interested in meds used on kids? See extra Chapter 16 in Julien book.
Consider doing the Optional Addiction Simulation
Effects of Cocaine in the Brain
Self-Test for Cocaine Addiction
|2/27||TH||Stimulants: Caffeine & Its Relatives||Chap 11
CaffeineSlides Caffeine Studylist
Neuroscience Resources for Kids - Caffeine
Caffeine FAQ Caffeine Content in Products
Select a brand name prescription medication for Assignment 2
Introduction to the PDR Wikipedia: Physicians' Desk Reference description
|Chap 11 369-390
ISAIC - Outside Resources-Tobacco
The QuitNet - Quit Smoking Resource
|Midterm Grades Due||Nicotine
|Treatment of Narcotic Addiction
Treatment of Addiction
Analgesics and Other Psychoactive OTCs
Look up Nonprescription and Herbal Products
Assignment 2 due
Tomorrow is the Last Day to Drop Courses
Over the Counter Labeling Changes
Last date to turn in Optional Addiction Simulation.
|Chapter 8 thru p275
The Status of Dietary Supplments
Herbal Products--What You Should Know
Herbal Adverse Effects and Drug Interactions
Critically Evaluating Supplements
Depression in Children and Adolescents
List of Brand & Generic Names of Psychiatric Medications
STAR*D (Sequenced Treatment Alternatives for Depression)
Learn more about Depression: Understanding Depression Slideshow
Assignment 3 Due
CUTLESS Study of Effectiveness
Discussion of CUTLASS1 Study
On the other side...
Psychotherapeutic Drug Studylist
Fill out this table to review the antipsychotics.
The Marijuana Anonymous Home Page
|| Classic Psychedelics
Last day to turn in Extra Credit or Optional Assignments.
Is LSD Safe? (from the Star Tribune)
Fill out this table to review the psychedelics.
Factline on Inhalants
ACh Related Hallucinogens
this course draws students from many different majors and with
varying commitments outside of the class, I have tried to
design a flexible set of assignments that gives you some
freedom of choice. A few assignments I consider important
learning experiences for all students. These are labeled
REQUIRED below. Other assignments may be of interest to
students with particular career goals/interests or to students
who prefer to have a greater percentage of their grade based
on assignments and a smaller percentage of their grade based
on tests. Many students feel like they have more control over
how well they do on assignments vs the uncertainty of how well
they might do on exams. These assignments are labeled OPTIONAL
below. Note that OPTIONAL does not mean extra credit: if you
choose to do optional assignments your "points possible"
increases and the relative importance of tests decreases
somewhat. In the end your grade will be based on the
percentage of points you earned but note that you must achieve at least a passing average
(60%) on exams. Our 4 exams will be worth about
125 each or 500 points total. The remaining will come from the
assignments below. Please note that late submissions will
Activity Points - may not be made up if
ASSIGNMENT 1 - Notes to prepare for Jeopardy and Test 1. Due 1/30. 10 pts
Completion of this linked assignment before class on 1/31 is necessary to earn any Jeopardy points and will help you prepare for our first exam. I will be collecting this homework, so you may want to make a second copy for yourself to study for the exam the next xlass period. Os test yourself - see if you can fill out a second copy of the assignment from memory only - no notes or book.
ASSIGNMENT 2 - REQUIRED-Using Drug Info Resources Due 3/27. 75 pts I believe that everyone should know how to find information on the medications they or their loved ones are taking. Today's physicians rarely take the time to fully inform patients about their meds and often don't ask what other drugs, herbs, or supplements are being used. Pharmacists make mistakes. It is up to us to take an active role in monitoring our healthcare and watch out for ourselves - even if it means wading through some medical jargon. For this assignment you must find key information on prescription drug of your choice, using either the official manufacturer's package insert/FDA approved package labeling information (see this website) or, for fairly recent drugs, the same information is available in the official professional Physician's Desk Reference used by physicians and at least 1 other detailed general drug reference. If you don't have a medication in mind I'd suggest choosing one of the medications included in our text to get a head start on a drug category we will be covering later.
ASSIGNMENT 3 - REQUIRED- Critical evaluation of a OTC drug commercial or ad Due 4/15. 25 pts Videotape a drug commercial or copy a drug ad from a magazine, preferably one for one of the OTC analgesic or cold or allergy medications discussed in class. Using class information and drug references evaluate everything that is said, everything that seems to be suggested, the way the drug is portrayed or referred to, sale pitch, and the accuracy, honesty & completeness of the info presented. Is the manufacturer being totally straight forward with the consumer? Or does the ad mislead consumers with what it says, implies, or what it fails to say? Would you praise or "tsk tsk" their advertising?
Graduate students will, in addition, be asked to present a review of 10 current research reports on a narrowly defined drugs topic to our grad student class members. Here are the steps towards that end:
Step 1 – Identify a focused research topic**. Do a database (like PsycINFO) or internet search for related recent published research reports sufficient to suggest that you will be able to find the required number of studies on your topic. Print or save the list of what appear to be a good number of appropriate studies to share with me. These should be primary sources (the original research reports rather than a review article, although reviews may help you locate the research reports). Remember, the goal is to locate closely related studies asking similar research questions. Submit topic and search no later than March 6.
Step 2 – To show that you are making progress, firmly commit to and read at least 6 of your research reports and create a first draft of your summary table handout including these 6 studies. Submit to me the abstracts of those studies and your handout draft no later than March 27.
Step 3 – Presentations (~20 minutes) will be scheduled during the 12:30 class time, no later than the April 15 or April 17th class days (but earlier presentations are welcome). Please make every effort to attend your classmates’ presentations.
All published research is not equally valuable, For example some will have larger N, some may use randomized, controlled clinical trials, others may be little more than case studies. Include the best studies you can find (but you may have to include some weaker studies in your 10). In the handout you prepare, include enough detail to distinguish the stronger from the weaker studies. I have grabbed a random assortment of tables from a few older review articles or meta analyses to give you a few ideas of how you might organize a handout to represent the studies that you read.
Optional (not Extra
Credit) Assignment. Do a 2 day Addiction
Simulation . This simulation is recommended for future
teachers and is not recommended for anyone who has had a
substance abuse problem. It is only an educational experience
if you commit to truly following the instructions. It does
involve deceiving friends, family, and employers for the 2 day
period. It makes the most educational sense to do this
assignment while we are discussing the most addictive drugs
(alcohol, nicotine, amphetamine/cocaine, or narcotic
analgesics, but at the very latest this assignment is Due no later than 4/1.
(up to 25 pts)
Optional (not Extra Credit) Assignment. Arrange to go out into the community (Waterloo-Cedar Falls or your hometown area) and interview an individual or individuals who are currently working living in areas affected by drug-use (police, substance abuse counselors, school counselors, health care providers, court officials are some that come to mind). Plan for your interview carefully, doing some reading to help prepare a good list of questions. Prepare a report on the individual(s), the setting, your questions, and the interview responses. If you feel you and your interviewee are up to it, a videotape of your "investigative report" could be an alternative.(up to 25 pts) Due no later than 4/24.
10 pt Extra Credit.
Search online for, or keep a blank videotape/DVD handy in
your recorder at home to record any educationally valuable
shows, segments, or news reports on the drugs/drug issues we
cover in this class. Turn the url/tape/DVD in to me with a summary of the
program , why you think it's relevant to the class, and
a critical evaluation of the value of segment on that form.
Realize that brief segments are the most useful for
class. (Tape/dvd will be returned). May be done once for
no later than 4/24.
There will be occasional
extra credit points available throughout the semester.
About Your Prof
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois
Education: B.S. (Psychology) University of Illinois, Chicago;
M.A. (Biopsychology) University of Chicago;
Ph.D. (Biopsychology) University of Chicago
Married: James Walsh (attorney)
Children: 3 girls (Jennifer, Sara, & Annie)
Hobbies: Gardening, gourmet cooking, travel, concert-hopping, reading
Most unusual experiences: Performing brain surgery on rats, riding an elephant (twice!), climbing the Great Pyramid, wearing a live python around my neck, flying in a blimp, visiting ancient Greek ruins, giving birth
Goals: Continue to learn for the rest of my life, enjoy my professional and private lives, help others discover psychology (especially the biological side of psychology)
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This page was
prepared by Linda Walsh,
Dept. of Psychology,
University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA 50614-0505.
Last updated 1/12/14.