Brain Game Notes - What Are the Parts of Your Nervous System, Where Are They, and What Do They Do? What happens if  a particular brain area is damaged? (full sentence definitions not needed - be concise; small diagrams may help you remember where things are)

central nervous system (CNS):
 

peripheral nervous system (PNS):
 

    somatic nervous system:
 

    autonomic nervous system (ANS):
 

        sympathetic division:
 

        parasympathetic division:
 

spinal cord

    dorsal roots and ganglia
 

    ventral roots
 

    spinal cord white matter vs gray matter
 

brainstem

    hindbrain

        medulla
 

        pons
 

        reticular formation       

        cerebellum
 

    midbrain

        tectum
             superior colliculi


             inferior colliculi)

        tegmentum
             substantia nigra


              periaqueductal gray

forebrain:

    diencephalon

        thalamus
              sensory relay nuclei

        hypothalamus
 

            pituitary gland
 

    basal ganglia (caudate, putamen, globus pallidus)    
 

    limbic system
 

        hippocampus
 

        amygdala
 
basal forebrain

    nucleus basalis
   
    nucleus accumbens

    cerebral hemispheres:
 

        corpus callosum:      

        cerebral cortex
 

            frontal lobe:
 

                primary motor cortex ( precentral gyrus) & its organization:

                Broca's area 

                prefrontal cortex
 

        parietal lobe:
 

            primary somatosensory cortex  (postcentral gyrus) & its organization:
 

        temporal lobe:
 

            primary auditory cortex (superior temporal gyrus):: 

            Wernicke's area
 

        occipital lobe:
 

            primary visual cortex:
 

ventricles

        hydrocephalus

meninges

        menigitis
 

Other terms:

dorsal vs ventral
 

medial vs lateral
 

gray matter vs white matter