Terms on the Neuroanatomy Homework

central nervous system (CNS): 

peripheral nervous system (PNS):  

    somatic nervous system:  

    autonomic nervous system (ANS):  

        sympathetic division:  

        parasympathetic division: 

spinal cord

    dorsal roots and ganglia 

    ventral roots  

    spinal cord white matter vs gray matter  

brainstem

    hindbrain

        medulla  

        pons  

        reticular formation  

        cerebellum  

    midbrain

        tectum
             superior colliculi
             inferior colliculi

        tegmentum
             substantia nigra
              periaqueductal gray

forebrain:

    diencephalon

        thalamus
              sensory relay nuclei

        hypothalamus  

            pituitary gland  

    basal ganglia (caudate, putamen, globus pallidus) 
 
    limbic system  

        hippocampus  

        amygdala 

Basal forebrain

    nucleus basalis

    nucleus accumbens

    cerebral hemispheres:  

        corpus callosum:    

        cerebral cortex  

            frontal lobe:  

                primary motor cortex ( precentral gyrus) & its organization:  

                prefrontal cortex 

                Broca's area

        parietal lobe:  

            primary somatosensory cortex  (postcentral gyrus) & its organization:  

        temporal lobe:  

            primary auditory cortex (superior temporal gyrus)::
     
            Wernicke's area 

        occipital lobe:  

            primary visual cortex:  

ventricles

        hydrocephalus

meninges

        menigitis  

Other terms:

dorsal vs ventral  

medial vs lateral  

gray matter  vs white matter

Types of neurons

Types and functions of glia cells


The neuron's cell membrane

Groups of neurotransmitters and examples

Steps necessary for neuronís to be able to chemically transmit their messages (synthesis, transport, storage, release, binding to receptors, inactivation and/or reuptake)

2 categories of post-synaptic receptors and the differences in the effects produced  by their activation (ionotropic vs metabotropic)

Drug actions by affecting chemical transmission

Parkinsonís disease as both an example of neurotransmitter related disorder and using drugs to alter neurotransmitters (249-253)

characteristics of the disease

cause of the disease

treatments

What we have learned about PD from unusual cases (like the frozen addicts)

an animal model of PD for further research

Ions inside and outside of neuron and how that difference is maintained