Anyone who doubts the ability of Iowaâ€™s youth to restore our great state to national prominence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) should come with me to one of the many fairs and competitions for the bright and curious along the I-380 corridor.
There are robot showdowns, invention conventions, technology duels, science fairs, and more, drawing talent from every corner of the regionâ€”Hills to Hiawatha, Oxford to Springville. All the while at school, Kindergartners crash tiny cars to learn Newtonâ€™s Laws way ahead of traffic laws. Seventh graders compete as MathletesÂ® to win numbers quests. High schoolers program cyber-defenses against make-believe hackers. And our collegians more often than not these days do real science in their introductory courses.
So what is holding us back from reclaiming the national leadership Iowa enjoyed in STEM education in the 1980s and 1990s? And, what does it matter?
It is not so much that Iowaâ€™s student scores, interest, and other performance indicators are slipping; itâ€™s that other states are excelling. Eighth graders of seven US states surpassed Iowa on the 2009 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in science. In mathematics, the score averages of more than a dozen states were higher than Iowaâ€™s.
Test scores are but one measure of where we stand, of course. But the NAEP is a highly visible and widely respected instrument. On average, we are not keeping up. The privileged STEM learning experiences available to youth in the corridor region does not happen broadly enough across the state to sustain our once top-of-the-nation performance.
Iowaâ€™s economic prosperity tomorrow hinges on the quality of STEM education today. Careers in science and technology fields are projected to grow at four times the rate of other occupations in the coming decade, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Here in Iowa, preparation for work in bioscience, engineering, information technology or advanced manufacturing is a ticket to a comfortable and meaningful future.
Although we have world-class educational talents and assets for producing the best of STEM professionals, policy-level strategic planning is needed in order to leverage and support these assets. Of fifty US states, half have a science and technology policy legislative committee, twenty have a state-level science and technology strategic plan, nineteen have science and technology advisory boards, and eleven have an office of science and technology or a science and technology advisor. According to the Office of Policy Analysis and Research at the Georgia Institute of Technology where a recent state-by-state analysis of STEM policy was done, Iowa has none of these.
What we do have are powerful and insightful recommendations of leading business and education organizations to guide our state forward. The Iowa Business Council released earlier this winter the report â€œA Competitiveness Blueprint: Iowa 2025â€ which defines the pathway for Iowaâ€™s economic prosperity, anchored to STEM innovation.
Another comprehensive plan â€œRealizing Iowaâ€™s Bioscience Potential: 2011 Iowa Bioscience Strategyâ€ was recently produced by an Iowa Bioscience Strategy Steering Committee to inform and guide policymakers in strengthening the life science dimension of Iowaâ€™s economy.
And on Feb. 1, the â€œIowa STEM Education Roadmap: A Strategic Planâ€ was published by a cross-cutting group of STEM education leaders representing business, education, and state government. Seven bold Targets of this â€œRoadmapâ€ clearly identify how Iowa can regain national and international leadership in STEM education.
For all of these recommendations to become actions, all Iowans must recognize the urgency of our condition and embrace change in how we go about STEM education. Together we must insist on only the best STEM education, not only for our own children but for all Iowa learners.
Iowa STEM Education Roadmap: http://www.iowastem.org/assets/roadmap.pdf