|THE CIVIL WAR
Born in a log cabin in 1809, Abraham Lincoln became the 16th
President of the United
presidency gave him the job of
Commander-in-Chief of the Union Army
in which he had the responsibility for making key decisions and
leaders. Halfway through the American
Civil War, while fighting to end slavery, he issued the Emancipation
Proclamation in 1863 to declare that all slaves in the Confederate
be free. He also gave his Gettysburg
Address in Gettysburg,
at a cemetery to honor all the
soldiers who had fought and died during the war. While
many citizens thought he was a great
president, others disliked his views on slavery. Five
days after the South surrendered
President Lincoln was shot and killed on April 14, 1965 by John Wilkes
while watching a play at the Ford’s Theater.
Jefferson Davis was born in
1808 in Kentucky and was appointed to
West Point military
academy at the age of 16. He was involved
in many battles with
different Indian groups and was a colonel during the Mexican- American
War. He was appointed as Congressman of
Mississippi in 1845 and to the United States Senate in 1847. He later became President of the Confederate
States of America
and as Commander-in-Chief of the Confederate Army, he instructed the
confederate generals on decisions during the Civil War.
After the surrender of the Confederate Army,
he was imprisoned for a short time and then released.
In 1889, he died in New Orleans
and is buried in Richmond,
which was the capitol
of the Confederacy.
|Ulysses S. Grant
Born in 1822, he was appointed
to West Point in his mid twenties,
Simpson Grant graduated 21st in his class of 39. He became a second Lieutenant and held the
rank during the Mexican-American War. He
rose to the rank of Captain, however resigned from military service in
1854. His short farming career failed
and soon he joined the Union Army after the North began to lose a
battles during the Civil War. He served
as a General during the Civil War, and is known to have required
Surrender” of the Confederacy for surrender. In
1866 he was promoted to full General and oversaw
during the Reconstruction period. He was
elected President of the United States in 1869 and
served for two
terms. In 1885, he died and was buried
in New York City.
Born the son of a Revolutionary War hero in 1807, Robert E.
Lee trained at West Point military
served as a Colonel in the Mexican-American War. During
the Civil War, he had strong ties and
emotions towards the Union, and had
feelings toward slavery. Throughout the
Civil War, he won many battles, however on April 9, 1865 he surrendered
General Grant at the Appomattox Court House. He
died and is buried in Virginia.
Johnson was born on December 29, 1808 in North Carolina. Politics were a part
of his life beginning
in his early years. He was a United States Senator in Tennessee and
later became the military
general. He worked his way up to being Vice President, along side of Lincoln. After
Lincoln was assassinated, Johnson filled his shoes as President from
During those four years, he focused on the Presidential Reconstruction.
this phase of the Reconstruction, Johnson restored all rights and
the southern states, giving them the entitlement to be part of the U.S.
Congress. After his term as President concluded, he tried for other
positions. He was unsuccessful in being elected as a senator and as a
representative in the House. Finally, in 1874, he was elected into the
Johnson served the country until his death on July 31, 1875.
Hayes was born on October
4, 1822 in Ohio.
He spent a good portion of his early adult years being involved in the
military. He joined as a volunteer for three years and became a
major of the 23rd Regiment in Ohio.
Because of his leadership in the military, Hayes was elected in the 39th
and 40th Congresses. He later resigned because he had been
to be Ohio’s
governor. Hayes won the election and became governor from 1868-1872. He
then reelected as governor and served for just over a year, beginning
January 1876. Hayes then won the vote to become the 19th
of the United States,
governing from 1877-1881. During his four years in office, he signed
bills. One of the most powerful was one in which female attorneys were
to bring a case in front of the Supreme Court. Hayes did not seek
at the end of his term, as he said in the beginning that he would not.
Hayes passes away because of complications during a heart attack.
|Ku Klux Klan
The Ku Klux Klan,
also known as the KKK, was founded in 1866 by a group of Confederate
veterans. Their purpose for forming this group was mainly to show their
disapproval of the Reconstruction. The idea behind their fraternal
was to scare people. They targeted those who moved to the north because
Resconstruction, those that were white, from the south and joined the
Republican Party, and the freed slaves from the south. They used very
methods to get people’s attention and to get their point across. The
to be able to control the freed slaves, including their political and
status. They did not want blacks to become educated, to advance in the
to be able to vote, or to be able to bear arms. They wanted total
these people and used a scare tactic to make it happen. In 1871, the Ku
Klan Act was passed by President Ulysses S. Grant. This Act enforced
rights to be given to all citizens, no matter their skin color. Members
KKK who still continued in their racist acts were prosecuted in federal
court. Small KKK groups continued
throughout the 1800’s and through the early 1900’s.