440:045--Health and Physical Education for Elementary Teachers

Alignment with INTASC Professional Standards
Principle #1: CONTENT KNOWLEDGE--The candidate understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structures of the discipline(s) he or she teaches and can create learning experiences that make these aspects of subject matter meaningful for students.
  1. Know the basic terminology related to children’s PE 
  2.  Knowledge of basic movement concepts 
  3. Know general growth and development patterns of children 
  4. Know basic parameters of the elementary PE curriculum 
  5. Know the fundamental motor skills and stages of development
  6. Know the fundamental nonlocomotor skills 
  7. Know the fundamental manipulative skills
  8. Demonstrate knowledge of comprehensive school health education. 
  9. Examine various definitions of health.
  10. Recognize the interrelationship of the components of health.
  11. Create organized learning experiences in health that help children develop the knowledge, attitude, and skills necessary to adopt and maintain health-enhancing behaviors.

Principle #2: LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT--The candidate understands how children learn and develop, and can provide learning opportunities that support their intellectual, social and personal development.
  1. Know the basic terminology related to children’s PE 
  2.  Knowledge of basic movement concepts 
  3. Know general growth and development patterns of children 
  4. Know basic parameters of the elementary PE curriculum 
  5. Know the fundamental motor skills and stages of development
  6. Know the fundamental nonlocomotor skills 
  7. Know the fundamental manipulative skills
  8. Design health education instructional materials and engaging activities that match physical, emotional, social, and intellectual needs of students.
  9. Apply the learning theories of Bloom’s Taxonomy in designing instructional lesson plans and engaging activities in health education.

Principle #3: DIVERSE LEARNERS--The candidate understands how students differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners.
  1. Identify the general class structure as it relates to a PE class
  2. Identify and develop movement experiences for children
  3. Analyze the movement of children in a PE setting
  4. Differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate activities for children
  5. Identify the interrelationship between PE and other academic areas
  6. Create culturally appropriate health learning materials. 
  7. Modify health curriculum to meet the needs of diverse learners within a regular education classroom setting.

Principle #4: INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES--The candidate understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage students' development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.
  1. Identify the general class structure as it relates to a PE class
  2. Identify and develop movement experiences for children
  3. Analyze the movement of children in a PE setting
  4. Differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate activities for children
  5. Identify the interrelationship between PE and other academic areas
  6. Create organized learning experiences for health that help children develop the knowledge, attitude, and skills necessary to adopt and maintain health-enhancing behaviors.
  7. Create a variety of appropriate and engaging health activities and use a variety of methods.
  8. Match health activities to selected learning outcomes.
  9. Gather a variety of materials useful for teaching health. (technology based websites and materials, instructional strategies, lesson plans,etc.)

Principle #5: CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT--The candidate uses an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior to create a learning environment that encourages positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self-motivation.
  1. Identify the general class structure as it relates to a PE class
  2. Identify and develop movement experiences for children
  3. Analyze the movement of children in a PE setting
  4. Differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate activities for children
  5. Identify the interrelationship between PE and other academic areas
  6. Create a health classroom that engages the learner in positive social interaction, active learning, and self-motivation.
  7. Demonstrate in writing ways teachers can plan and implement various techniques used for managing the health classroom.

Principle #6: COMMUNICATION--The candidate uses knowledge of effective verbal, nonverbal, and media communication techniques to foster active inquiry, collaboration, and supportive interaction in the classroom.
  1. Knows the importance of PE in the elementary curriculum
  2. Relate the contributions of PE to the development of the total child
  3. Orally share information with others in the area of health.
  4. Learn by listening to and observing others. 
  5. Recognize the impact of personal appearance as a means of nonverbal communication to students, families, administrators, and colleagues.

Principle #7: PLANNING INSTRUCTION--The candidate plans instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter, students, the community, and curriculum goals.
  1. Identify the general class structure as it relates to a PE class
  2. Identify and develop movement experiences for children
  3. Analyze the movement of children in a PE setting
  4. Differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate activities for children
  5. Identify the interrelationship between PE and other academic areas
  6. Develop knowledge-based, skill-based, and affective oriented health learning outcomes to help students adopt and maintain health-enhancing behaviors.
  7. Adapt learning plans to meet the needs of individuals and groups.
  8. Create daily lesson plans for health utilizing various methods and strategies of teaching. (discussion, cooperative learning, role playing, brainstorming, debate, decision-making, demonstrations, computer-assisted instruction, etc.)
  9. Produce instructional activities and lesson plans for health based upon district, state, or national content standards.

Principle #8: ASSESSMENT--The candidate understands and uses formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate and ensure the continuous intellectual, social and physical development of the learner.
  1. Recognize the relationship between teaching and assessment. 
  2. Recognize a variety of assessment strategies to evaluate learning experiences in health.

Principle #9: REFLECTION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT--The candidate is a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates the effects of his/her choices and actions on others (students, parents, and other professionals in the learning community) and who actively seeks out opportunities to grow professionally.
  1. Learn by listening to and observing others.
  2. Motivate others to adopt and maintain health-enhancing behaviors .
  3. Reflect upon lessons and interactions with students and colleagues, evaluate results of work done, and make changes based upon the results

Principle #10: SCHOOL-COMMUNITY RELATIONS--The candidate fosters relationships with school colleagues, parents, and agencies in the larger community to support students' learning and well-being.
  1. Knows the importance of PE in the elementary curriculum
  2. Relate the contributions of PE to the development of the total child
  3. Be aware of and begin to participate in parent/teacher groups; local, state, and national professional health organizations; and local community organizations that promote the goals of health education. 
  4. Utilize district, state, or national standards in the area of health and use these guidelines in preparing to teach.
  5. Present themselves to the school and community as individuals knowledgeable in the methods of teaching health.

Principle #11: USE OF TECHNOLOGY--The candidate integrates the computer and other high and low technology into classroom teaching activities, assessment and/or documentation.
  1. Identify ways of appropriately integrating technology in health. 
  2. Use an array of available technological tools to teach health.
  3. Use the Internet for developing health lessons.