220:150 Meeting the Needs of Diverse Learners
Alignment with INTASC Professional Standards

Principle #1: CONTENT KNOWLEDGE--The candidate understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structures of the discipline(s) he or she teaches and can create learning experiences that make these aspects of subject matter meaningful for students.

  1. Think deeply and critically about how classroom instruction and pedagogy supports or fails to support classroom diversity.
  2. Identify specific strategies and instructional methods to meet the needs of all learners and apply to his or her subject or content area.

Principle #2: LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT--The candidate understands how children learn and develop, and can provide learning opportunities that support their intellectual, social and personal development.

  1. Understand how classroom instruction supports or fails to support classroom diversity.
  2. Identify pedagogy that supports and enhances all students learning.

Principle #3: DIVERSE LEARNERS--The candidate understands how students differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners.
  1. Understand the social, political, and historical foundations informing the education of students with diverse needs. 
  2.  Explore how difference may be defined, understood, and enacted within various contexts. 
  3. Consider how the concept of difference informs one’s schooling experiences.
  4.  Respect, appreciate, and value diversity in the classroom.

Principle #4: INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES--The candidate understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage students' development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.
  1. Understand and use various teaching methods to design instruction to meet the needs of diverse learners (universal design, differentiation, cooperative learning, co-teaching, learner-centered etc.)

Principle #5: CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT--The candidate uses an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior to create a learning environment that encourages positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self-motivation.

  1. Identify strategies for developing community within the classroom.
  2. Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of various management strategies to support diverse learners (behaviorism, constructivism etc.)

Principle #6: COMMUNICATION--The candidate uses knowledge of effective verbal, nonverbal, and media communication techniques to foster active inquiry, collaboration, and supportive interaction in the classroom.

  1. Actively participate and apply reading, writing, listening and speaking skills.
  2. Explore methods of communication necessary to foster positive relationships with students and families from diverse backgrounds.

Principle #7: PLANNING INSTRUCTION--The candidate plans instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter, students, the community, and curriculum goals.
  1. Develop lesson plans employing strategies and methods to support all students’ needs.

Principle #8: ASSESSMENT--The candidate understands and uses formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate and ensure the continuous intellectual, social and physical development of the learner.

  1. Explore and understand how various assessment tools may inform a student’s educational experiences (standardized measures, portfolio assessment, etc.)

Principle #9: REFLECTION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT--The candidate is a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates the effects of his/her choices and actions on others (students, parents, and other professionals in the learning community) and who actively seeks out opportunities to grow professionally.

  1. Examine and critically reflect upon personal experiences relating to diversity.
  2. Ask meaningful questions to guide personal learning in the area of diversity and relate those questions to teaching in a classroom.
  3. Learn by listening to and observing others.

Principle #10: SCHOOL-COMMUNITY RELATIONS--The candidate fosters relationships with school colleagues, parents, and agencies in the larger community to support students' learning and well-being.

  1. Explores how to develop positive relationships with families and communities. 

Principle #11: USE OF TECHNOLOGY--The candidate integrates the computer and other high and low technology into classroom teaching activities, assessment and/or documentation.

  1. Understand how technology can enhance instruction to meet the needs of diverse learners.
  2. Become familiar with assistive technology to support students’ needs, including low and high tech devices and augmentative communication devices.