# The Before and After Game

Video:

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A guessing game develops math and reasoning skills.

## NAEYC

NAEYC:

Curriculum: Essential Characteristics

2.A.10- The curriculum guides Ms. Nitchais-Reierson to incorporate content, concepts, and activities that foster...cognitive development and that integrate key areas of content including...mathematics...and...science...

"The Before and After Game" incorporates math and gives children an opportunity to hone their number awareness as well as deductive reasoning skills. The row of numbered cups resembles a number line and gives children experience using the number line to solve a problem.

Curriculum Content Areas for Cognitive Development: Early Mathematics

2.F.02- Children are provided varied opportunities and materials to build understanding of numbers, number names, and their relationship to object quantities and to symbols.

The numbered cups Ms. Nitchais-Reierson uses for "The Before and After Game" give children an opportunity to reinforce their knowledge of number names, object quantities and the sequential order of numbers.

Using Instruction to Deepen Children's Understanding and Build Their Skills and Knowledge

3.G.07- Ms. Nitchais-Reierson uses her knowledge of content to pose problems and ask questions that stimulate childrenÊ¼s thinking.

In "The Before and After Game", children are tasked with discovering under which numbered cup a surprise is hidden. When a child guesses a number which does not hide the surprise, Ms. Nitchais-Reierson gives the group a hint-she tells the group whether the surprise is hidden before or after the number guessed. The children then have an ever decreasing range of possibilities of numbered cups that might be hiding the surprise.

## IELS

IELS:

8.3-Problem Solving

Children demonstrate strategies for reasoning and problem solving.

Children in Ms. Nitchais-Reierson's class recognize and solve problems through active exploration, including trial and error, and through interactions and discussions with peers and caregivers.

Ms. Nitchais-Reierson presents a reasoning game to a group of children in her class. As she explains how the game works, she tells the children that she will hide a surprise under one cup in a row of numbered cups. The children will take turns guessing which cup the surprise is under and if they do not guess correctly, she will give them a clue such as "It's before number 3."

11.1-Comparison and Number

Children understand amount, including use of numbers and counting.

The children in Ms. Nitchais-Reierson's class show recognition and naming of numerals...and...use language such as more or less to compare quantities.

Children playing "The Before and After Game" with Ms. Nitchais-Reierson easily recognize the numerals on the cups used for the game and point to the cup while saying the number. Ms. Nitchais-Reierson uses the words "before" and "after" to help the children reason about which cup is hiding the surprise.

11.5-Scientific Problem Solving

Children apply and adapt strategies to solve problems.

Children in Ms. Nitchais-Reierson's class use their senses and variety of strategies to solve problems.

"The Before and After Game" gives children an opportunity to use their sense of sight to determine which cup hides a surprise in range of numbered cups. Once the children see that the surprise is in a certain range of cups they can use deductive reasoning to determine where the surprise is.

## IQPPS

IQPPS:

Curriculum: Essential Characteristics

2.9- The curriculum guides Ms. Nitchais-Reierson to incorporate content, concepts, and activities that foster...cognitive development and that integrate key areas of content including...mathematics...and...science...

"The Before and After Game" incorporates math and gives children an opportunity to hone their number awareness as well as deductive reasoning skills. The row of numbered cups resembles a number line and gives children experience using the number line to solve a problem.

Curriculum Content Areas for Cognitive Development: Early Mathematics

2.23- Children are provided varied opportunities and materials to build understanding of numbers, number names, and their relationship to object quantities and to symbols.

The numbered cups Ms. Nitchais-Reierson uses for "The Before and After Game" give children an opportunity to reinforce their knowledge of number names, object quantities and the sequential order of numbers.

Using Instruction to Deepen Children's Understanding and Build Their Skills and Knowledge

3.17- Ms. Nitchais-Reierson uses her knowledge of content to pose problems and ask questions that stimulate children's thinking.

In "The Before and After Game", children are tasked with discovering under which numbered cup a surprise is hidden. When a child guesses a number which does not hide the surprise, Ms. Nitchais-Reierson gives the group a hint-she tells the group whether the surprise is hidden before or after the number guessed. The children then have an ever decreasing range of possibilities of numbered cups that might be hiding the surprise.

## HSPS

HSPS:

1304.21(a)(4)(iv) - Ms. Nitchais-Reierson supports emerging…numeracy development through materials and activities according to the developmental level of each child.

Children playing "The Before and After Game" with Ms. Nitchais-Reierson easily recognize the numerals on the cups used for the game and point to the cup while saying the number. Ms. Nitchais-Reierson uses the words "before" and "after" to help the children reason about which cup is hiding the surprise.

1304.21(c)(1)(ii) – The activity that Ms. Nitchais-Reierson leads provides for the development of cognitive skills by encouraging each child…to understand concepts, to develop age appropriate…numeracy, reasoning, problem solving and decision-making skills which form a foundation for school readiness and later school success.

Ms. Nitchais-Reierson presents a reasoning game to a group of children in her class. As she explains how the game works, she tells the children that she will hide a surprise under one cup in a row of numbered cups. The children will take turns guessing which cup the surprise is under and if they do not guess correctly, she will give them a clue such as "It's before number 3."

## HSCOF

HSCOF:

### Mathematics

Number and Operations

• Demonstrates increasing interest and awareness of numbers and counting as a means for solving problems and determining quality.
• Begins to associate number concepts, vocabulary, quantities and written numerals in meaningful ways.
• Begins to use language to compare numbers of objects with terms such as more, less, greater than, fewer, equal to.

### Science

Scientific Skills and Measurement

• Begins to describe predictions, explanations and generalizations based on past experiences.

### Approaches to Learning

Initiative and Curiosity

• Develops increased ability to make independent choices